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The Children and Youth We Serve: A National Picture of the Characteristics of Students with Emotional Disturbances Receiving Special Education

FMHI Publication ID:

RTC 3202


emotional disturbance (ED), SEELS, NLTS2, schools, school-based, EH, ESE, special education


Krista Kutash


This article provides a national perspective of children and youth with emotional disturbances (ED) served in special education using data from the Special Education Elementary Longitudinal Study (SEELS) and the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2). Data sources include teachers, school records, the students, and their parents. Results indicate that children and youth with ED live in households in which there are multiple risk factors for poor life outcomes.


Wagner, M., Kutash, K., Duchnowski, A.J., & Epstein, M. H. (2005). The children and youth we serve: A national picture of the characteristics of students with emotional disturbances receiving special education. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 13(2), 79-96.