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Generalization of Negatively Reinforced Mands in Children with Autism

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autism;manding;functional communication;negative reinforcement;stimulus generalization


Each day, people encounter stimuli they find unpleasant. Some children with autism may require systematic instruction to acquire the communication skills necessary to request the termination of such aversive stimuli. The authors taught 2 school-aged boys with autism a mand (e.g., signing “stop”) that could be used to escape a variety of aversive stimuli.


Groskreutz, N.C., Groskreutz, M.P., Bloom, S.E., & Slocum, T.A. (2014). Generalization of negatively reinforced mands in children with autism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 47, 560-579.

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